A Botanical garden is a garden for preservation and display of a wide range of plants. These plants are labelled with their botanical names. It may contain collections of plants from particular parts of the world. Visitor services at a botanical garden might include tours, educational displays, art exhibitions and other entertainment.
The first botanical garden in world was created in Padua in the year 1545.
Difference between Parks and Botanical Garden?
Plants usually have beautiful flowers, while Botanical garden usually consists specialize of Trees. Botanical Garden are sometimes referred as Arboreta.
First Botanical Garden in India
The first botanical garden in India is in Nashik.
Latest News: Uttarakhand in India has set up a Botanical Garden to conserve species of Shivalik range.
The first botanical garden named ‘Shivalik Arboretum’ has been inaugurated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, for conserving over 210 species of trees found in the Shivalik range of Himalayas. Shivalik Arboretum aims to spread nature education among people so that they are able to feel an emotional connect with the trees, and make them more active towards conservation of Trees and Plants.
About Uttarakhand botanical garden
- Uttarakhand botanical garden will show information about particular species, cultural significance, medicinal use of Trees, plants and herbs, country of origin, type of habitat in which it is found and all possible uses of Trees and herbs including as timber, dyes etc.
- Some of the trees preserved in Uttarakhand botanical garden include Kafal (Myrica esculenta), Tejpat (Cinnamomum Tamala) Buransh, (Rhododendron arboretum) and Sanjeevani (Sellaginella bryopteris).
- The current Chief Minister of Uttarakhand is Trivendra Singh Rawat.
- The current Governor of Uttarakhand is Baby Rani Maurya.
List of botanical parks in India
|Botanical Garden||Located at|
|NTR Garden, Hyderabad||Telangana|
|Assam State Botanical Garden, Guwahati||Assam|
|Ekamra Kanan Botanical Gardens, Bhubaneswar||Odisha|
|Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna||Bihar|
|Hyderabad Botanical Garden||Telangana|
|Panjab University Botanical Garden||Chandigarh|
|Jijamata Udyaan, Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, Mysore||Karnataka|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Trivandrum||Kerala||Biggest in India and conserves the largest number of plant species in Asia|
|Government Botanical Gardens, Ootacamund, Nilgiris district||Tamil Nadu|
|Semmozhi Poonga, Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Madhavaram Botanical Garden, Chennai||Tamil Nadu||Largest botanical garden in Chennai|
|Aligarh Fort, Aligarh||Uttar Pradesh||Maintained by the Department of Botany, AMU|
|Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Shibpur, Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Agri Horticultural Society of India, Alipore, Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Lloyd’s Botanical Garden, Darjeeling||West Bengal|
|Malampuzha Garden, Palakkad||Kerala|
|Mysore Zoo, Mysore||Karnataka|
|Narendra Narayan Park, Cooch Behar||West Bengal|
|National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre||Haryana.||One of the largest Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden in India, situated in Panchkula, Haryana.|
How many botanical gardens are there in India?
There are 123 botanical gardens in India
Which is the largest botanical garden in India?
|Located in||Shibpur, Howrah|
|Nearest city||Howrah, Kolkata|
|Area||109 hectares (270 acres)|
Which is the famous botanical garden in India?
The following are the famous botanical Garden in India.
- Government botanical garden
It is located in Udamangalam in Tamil Nadu, which is famous for the huge collection of roses. This garden is considered as the largest garden for roses in India.
- Lal Bagh
It is termed as Red garden situated in Bangalore. It is a genetic centre for maintaining plants. Various scientific, technical researches are organized here.
- Agri horticultural society
It is located in Alipur, Kolkata and is famous for growing huge collections of medicinal plants.and also conducts annual flower shows. You can find a variety of medicinal plants, ornamental plants, uncommon trees, rare trees, bonsai, cactus, tissue culture products, floriculture and organic vegetarian items here.
- Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose /Indian botanical garden
It is located in Shibpur, Howrah in West Bengal. This botanical garden is famous for the wide variety of species of plants. The great banyan tree is the landmark of this garden which is considered as the largest in the world.
- Lloyd Botanic Garden
Lloyd Botanic Garden is situated at an altitude of about 2100 meters in the heart of Darjeeling town of West Bengal, The most interesting plant over here is the 118-year-old woody climber Wisteria chinensis.
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