Panchvarshiya Yojana| भारत की पंचवर्षीय योजनाएँ | Five Year Plans

भारत की पंचवर्षीय योजनाएँ | Five Year Plan | पंचवर्षीय योजना क्या है | Panchvarshiya Yojana

By the central government, a five year plan implemented every five years for the development of people socially and economically of the nation. 5 year plans are centralized & integrated national economic program. The 1st five year plan was launched in 1951 and the last 12th five year plan in 2017. Under the 5 year Plan or Panchvarsiya Yojana, various schemes launched for the welfare of the people of the nation and provided services for employment opportunities, agricultural services, etc

Industrial Development, Agricultural Development, New job opportunities, making people self-development, employment opportunities, etc these are the main motive to implement the Five Year Plans (Panchvarsiya Yojana). In this article, you can check the Five year Plan’s all details like पंचवर्षीय योजना क्या है? , Objective of 5 year plan in India, List of all Five year plans, etc

पंचवर्षीय योजना क्या है?

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The Five Year Plan was implementing by the Central government for the social and economic welfare of the citizen of the nation and prepared by the Planning commission from 1950 to 2014 and after 2014, Niti Ayog handled the Five Year plan. 

Difference between Planning Commission and Niti Ayog:

  • Nitiayog doesn’t have the authority to allot funds in the 5 year scheme
  • Niti ayog act as a advisory body only, doesn’t have authority to take any decision on the behalf of any state
  • NitiAyog decide the guidelines for the Five year Plan

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Panchvarshiya Yojana Key Highlights

ArticleFive Year Plan (Panchvarsiya Yojana)
CategoryCentral Government Scheme
Five Year Plan Started1951
Launched byGOI
Total 5 year plan13
Planning Commission started on1950
Niti Ayog Launched2015
ObjectiveProviding Employment job opportunity, agriculture services and various welfare services
BeneficiaryIndian Citizen
Five year plan old official websiteplanningcommission.gov.in/
Five year plan websitehttps://niti.gov.in
Panchvarshiya Yojana

List of Five Year Plans

First Five Year Plan1951 to 1956Focus on Agriculture Sector and
major projects started such as
Hirakund Dam, Bhakra Nangal Dam
Second Five year Plan1956 to 1961Focus: Industrial Development
Establishment: Rourkela, Bhilai,
Durgapur steel plants.  
Third Five Year Plan1961 to 1966Green Revolution had started
Fourth Five Year Plan1969 to 1974Self Reliance and Agriculture &
Industrial Development
Fifth Five Year Plan1974 to 1978poverty alleviation and self-reliance
Sixth Five Year Plan1980 to 1985Poverty alleviation, economic development,
modernization and self-reliance
Seventh Five Year Plan1985 to 1990employment, education and public health
Eighth Five Year Plan1992 to 1997Population increase, build institutions,
Panchyati Raj, Municipality, etc
Ninth Five Year Plan1997 to 2002Make institutes self reliant
Tenth Five Year Plan2002 to 2007Education, agriculture and
new employment development
Eleventh Five Year Plan2007 to 2012Started Pradhan Mantri Adarsh ​​Gram Yojana,
Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana, Rajiv Awas Yojana etc
Twelfth Five Year Plan2012 to 2017Economic development was
reduced from 9 percentage to 8
Panchvarshiya Yojana

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First Five Year Plan (प्रथम पंचवर्षीय योजना)

The first five-year plan was started in 1951-1956 which is based on the Herald Domar, started by India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1951.The Chairman of the Planning Commission was Indian first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The main objective of the 1st 5-year plan was the development of agriculture. The growth rate target of the first 5-year plan was 2.1% and achieved a 3.6% growth rate. The major projects started in the 1st five-year plan was Bhakra Nagal, Hirakud, Damodar Valley, etc

1st five year plan key highlights

Started: 1 April 1951 to 31 March 1956

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Jawaharlal Nehru

Model: Based on the Harrod-Domar model.

Priority: Development of Agriculture

Target Growth Rate: 2.1%

Achieved: 3.6%

Objective of First Five Year Plan

  • Agriculture Development
  • Dam Construction
  • Irrigation Work
  • Give a place to live to the refugees
  • Several kinds of development

Second Five Year Plan (1956 to 1961)

The second five year plan was started in 1956-1961 which is based on the PC Mahalanobis model, started by India first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 1956.The Chairman of Planning Commission was Indian first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The main objective of the 2nd 5 year plan was development of agriculture and industry. The growth rate target of the second 5 year plan was 4.5% and achieved 4.2% growth rate. The major projects started in the 2nd five year plan was Rourkela, Bhilai, Durgapur steel plants and started Bharat Sahayata Club

2nd five year plan key highlights

Started: 1 April 1956 to 31 March 1961

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Jawaharlal Nehru

Model: Based on the PC Mahalanobis model

Priority: Development of Agriculture and Industries

Target Growth Rate: 4.5%

Achieved: 4.2%

Objective of Second Five Year Plan

  • Agriculture Development
  • Industry Development
  • Establishment: Rourkela, Bhilai, Durgapur steel plants Irrigation Work
  • Started: Bharat Sahayata Club

Jan suchan portal

Third Five Year Plan (1961 to 1966)

The third five year plan was started in 1961 to 1966, started by India first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 1961.The Chairman of Planning Commission was Indian first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The 3rd 5 year plan based on John Sandy and Sukhmoy Chakraborty model. The main objective of the 3rd 5 year plan was development of agriculture, industry and self reliance. The growth rate target of the third 5 year plan was 5.6% and achieved 3.2% growth rate. The Green Revolution started in the 3rd five year plan.

3rd five year plan key highlights

Started: 1 April 1961 to 31 March 1966

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Jawaharlal Nehru

Based on: John Sandy and Sukhmoy Chakraborty model

Priority: Self Reliance and Development of Agriculture & Industries

Target Growth Rate: 5.6%

Achieved: 3.2%

Objective of Third Five Year Plan

  • Agriculture Development
  • Industry Development
  • Self Reliance is the main focus of the Five Year third Plan
  • Started: Harit Kranti/ Green Revolutionary
  • Promote the work of agriculture
  • Promote the education of the children
  • Build schools in rural areas
  • Dam and irrigation work
  • Wheat production started
  • Cement and chemical fertilizer manufactured

Some Important Points

  • 1962: Indo-China war
  • 1965: Indo Pak war
  • 1966: Drought

Plan Holiday

 In 1966 to 1969 the Five year plan stopped due to failure of the third five year plan and this period is known as Plan Holiday. For the next 3 year. Yearly planning was implemented.

Fourth Five Year Plan (1969 to 1974)

The fourth five year plan was started in 1969-1974 which is Based on Ashok Rudra and AS Manne model, started by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.The Chairman of Planning Commission was Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The main objective of the 4th 5 year plan was development of agriculture and Irrigation. The growth rate target of the second 5 year plan was 5.7% and achieved 3.4% growth rate. The major task happened in the 4th five year plan was 14 banks nationalized and ISRO established

Sarathi Parivahan Licence

4th five year plan key highlights

Started: 1 April 1969 to 31 March 1974

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Indira Gandhi

Model: Based on Ashok Rudra and AS Manne model

Priority: Development of Agriculture and Irrigation

Target Growth Rate: 5.7%

Achieved: 3.4%

Objective of Fourth Five Year Plan

  • Agriculture Development
  • Irrigation Development
  • 14 banks nationalized
  • Establishment: ISRO
  • Industries established in rural areas
  • Formed: Public Distribution System (PDS)

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana List

Fifth Five Year Plan (1974 to 1978)

The fifth five year plan was started in 1974-1978 which is Based on D.P Dhar model, started by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The main objective of the 5th 5 year plan was development of poverty alleviation and self reliance. The growth rate target of the fifth 5 year plan was 4.4% and achieved 4.5% growth rate. In 1975 the TPP (Twenty Point Program) poverty removal campaign was started.

Important Point

  • This plan was terminated prematurely.
  •  Indira Gandhi’s government fell within 4 years due to re-election. Later the Morarji Desai government of Janata Party came.
  • Myrdal had given a plan for backward countries which is known as Rolling Plan. I
  • It was accepted by the Janata Party in 1978 under the leadership of Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
  • This five year plan was of only 4 years.

5th five year plan key highlights

Started: 1 April 1974to 31 March 1978

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Indira Gandhi

Model: D.P Dhar model

Priority: Development of poverty alleviation and self reliance

Target Growth Rate: 4.4%

Achieved: 4.5%

MKSY Kanya Sumangala Yojana

Objective of Fifth Five Year Plan

  • Gramin Banks started
  • The main objective: remove poverty
  • Social Forestry Scheme started
  • Highway System project started to build national highways
  • The TPP (Twenty Point Program) poverty removal campaign was started

Second Planning Holiday (1979-1980)

Due to re-election, the government of Indira Gandhi could last only 4 years. Mr. morarji desai stopped the five year plan and make yearly plans.

Sixth Five Year Plan (1980 to 1985)

The sixth five year plan was started in 1980-1985, started by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The main objective of the 6th 5 year plan was development of poverty alleviation and self reliance. The growth rate target of the sixth 5 year plan was 5.2% and achieved 5.7% growth rate. Rural Development Bank Nabard was established in sixth five year plan. Various schemes launched related to rural unemployment, property alleviation etc was launched.

6th five year plan key highlights

Started:  April 1980 to March 1985

Chairman of the Planning Commission: Indira Gandhi

Priority: Economic Development and eradication of poverty

Target Growth Rate: 5.2%

Achieved: 5.7%

MP E-Uparjan Kisan Panjiyan

Objective of Sixth Five Year Plan

  • Rural Development Bank NABARD Bank was established
  • Provide employment opportunity
  • The main focus was economic development and eradication of poverty
  • Economic liberalization Started
  • Family planning Started

Seventh Five Year Plan (1985 to 1990)

The seveth five year plans were started in 1985-1990 started by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The main objective of the 7th 5 year plan was development of employment, education and public health. The growth rate target of the seventh 5 year plan was 5% and achieved 6% growth rate. The three major schemes launched in seventh five year plan:

  • Indira Awas Yojana
  • Jawahar Rojgar Yojana
  • Nehru Rojgar Yojana

Objective of the 7th five year plan

  • Provide employment opportunities
  • Food, Work, and Production is the priority of the plan
  • Development of the villagers is the main requirement
  • To make the economy stronger

Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1990)

The eighth five year plans were started in 1992-1990and the president of the planning commission is PV Narasimha Rao. The main objective of the 8th 5 year plan was development of employment, education and self reliance. The growth rate target of the eighth 5 year plan was 5.6% and achieved 6.8% growth rate. Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana started during 8 five year plan. The main focus is Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalization (LPG).

8th five year plan key highlights

Started:  April 1992 to March 1990

Chairman of the Planning Commission: PV Narasimha Rao

Model based on: John W. Miller model

Priority: Employment opportunities, Modernization and self reliance

Target Growth Rate: 5.6%

Achieved: 6.8%

Parivar Pehchan Patra

Objective of the 8 Five Year Plan

  • The first priority of this five-year plan is Education Growth, Human growth, and increase the population
  • Eliminate Illiteracy
  • Institutions development
  • Irrigation, transport, and energy
  • Make a stronger policy for Panchayati Raj, Human resources and Municipality

Ninth Five Year Plan (1997 to 2002)

The eighth five year plans were started in 1997-2002 during the 50th year of India. The main priority of this 9 five year plan is equality with human development. The target growth rate of the plan is 6.5% and achieved 5.5%. Due to Internation Recession this plan failed. New employment opportunities, development in agriculture sector, industry development, education growth , etc are the target of ninth five year plan. The schemes implemented in this time are:

  • Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana
  • Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
  • Swarna Jayanti Sehri Employment Scheme

Objective of the 9 five year plan

  • Eliminate Poverty
  • New employment opportunities
  • Economic development was the priority of the plan

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Tenth Five Year Plan (2002 to 2007)

Eliminate the poverty is the main priority of the 10 five year plan. The target growth rate of the plan is 8% and achieved 7.7%. Eliminate poverty completely from the nation is the main focus and doubling the income. Strengthen the economic condition of the country.

Objective of the 10 five year plan

  • Provide employment opportunities
  • Make people self reliance
  • In 2007, elementary education in its highest rank
  • Doubling the income of the people of the nation

Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–2012)

Increase the speed of development is the main priority of this plan. Mr. manmohan singh is the prime minister of the country at this period. The 11 five year planning done by Rangrajan. Under the plan also decided to clean rivers and water. The target growth rate was 8% and achieved 7.9%. several new schemes implemented and the three most important schemes launched:

  • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh ​​Gram Yojana
  • Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana
  • Rajiv Awas Yojana

Objective of the eleventh 5 year plan

  • The theme of the plan was faster and inclusive growth’
  • Development of agriculture, industry and services are the main focus
  • Provide electricity services
  • Clean water and river

Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017)

The main objective of the 12 five-year plan was to provide services such as the development of agriculture, industry, education, communication, transportation in rural and urban areas. Emphasis was given to education, social work, industry, energy

Objective of the 12 five year plan

  • Provide electricity services to all rural areas
  • Clean water service
  • Banking services to all of the person easily
  • Elimination inequality between castes, boys and girls, etc

12 Panchavarsiya Yojana (1951 to 2017)

In the country total of 12 Five year plans were implemented and after this Niti Ayog presented a draft action plan in which 7 years strategy was prepared as well as 3-year action agenda was introduced.

Conclusion

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